Soạn bài: Luyện tập: Liên kết câu và liên kết đoạn văn

Bài 1 (Trang 49 sgk ngữ văn 9 tập 2)

a, Liên kết câu: trường học- trường học (phép lặp)

– Liên kết đoạn: trường học của chúng ta phải hơn hẳn trường học của thực dân và phong kiến- như thế (phép thế)

b, Liên kết câu: văn nghệ – văn nghệ (phép lặp)

– Liên kết đoạn: lặp từ sự sống, văn nghệ (lặp)

c, Liên kết câu: thời gian, con người (phép lặp)

d, Liên kết câu: sử dụng quan hệ trái nghĩa yếu đuối- mạnh, hiền lành – ác

Bài 2 (trang 50 sgk ngữ văn 9 tập 2)

– Thời gian vật lí:

   + Vô hình

   + Giá lạnh

   + Thẳng tắp

   + Đều đặn

– Thời gian tâm lí:

   + Hữu hình

   + Nóng bỏng

   + Hình tròn

   + Lúc nhanh lúc chậm

– Đoạn văn có chủ đề phân biệt thời gian vật lí, thời gian, mối quan hệ giữa các cặp từ trái nghĩa tạo ra mối liên kết chặt giữa hai câu văn

Bài 3 (trang 50 sgk ngữ văn 9 tập 2)

a, Theo sự diễn đạt này, các câu vi phạm liên kết nội dung: không cùng chung một chủ đề

– Sửa: Cắm bơi một mình trong đêm. Trận địa đại đội 2 của anh, ở phía bãi bồi nên một dòng sông. Anh nhớ lại hồi đầu mùa lạc hai bố con anh cùng viết đơn xin ra mặt trận. Bây giờ, mùa thu hoạch lạc đã vào trận cuối.

b, Câu này vi phạm liên kết nội dung: trình tự sự việc trong các câu không hợp lí.

Sửa: Năm 19 tuổi chỉ đẻ đứa con trai, sau đó chồng mắc bệnh, ốm liên hai năm rồi chết. Suốt thời gian đó, chị chị làm quần quật phụng dưỡng… vô cùng.

Bài 4 (trang 51 sgk ngữ văn 9 tập 2)

Các lỗi liên kết hình thức

a, Lỗi thay thế, từ nó trong câu 2 không thể thay thế cho loài nhện. Chữa: thay nó bằng chúng

b, Lỗi dùng từ không thống nhất, từ hội trường và văn phòng không đồng nghĩa, không thể thế cho nhau.

Sửa: bỏ từ hội trường trong câu 2 hoặc thay từ này bằng từ văn phòng.

Các bài soạn văn lớp 9 hay khác:

Xem thêm các loạt bài Để học tốt Ngữ văn 9 hay khác:

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